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Issue No:75
  • :January
  • :2017

Treat the earth well: it was not given to you by your parents, it was loaned to you by your children. We do not inherit the Earth from our ancestors, we borrow it from our children.
—a Native American saying


Boon or Doom?

While cage culture in inland open waters can help increase fish production in India, there is a need to be wary of hasty and arbitrary policymaking

This article is by V V Sugunan (, Senior Consultant, National Fisheries Development Board, Hyderabad, India

Cage aquaculture, though relatively new to the inland aquaculture scenario of India, brings in new opportunities for optimizing fish production from reservoirs and lakes, and also developing new skills among fishers and entrepreneurs to enhance their earnings. Generally perceived as a boon for increasing production, this mode of production can as well turn out to be a harbinger of doom, if allowed to grow unchecked. This article stresses the importance of (a) following the existing guidelines on cage culture, (b) the need for developing norms for better environmental impact assessments, and (c) the importance of exercising caution while aggressively pursuing cage culture in inland open waters of India.

Considering the ever-increasing and often conflicting cross-sectoral demands for water and land, there are limitations for growth in pond-based aquaculture. In this context, culture of fish in enclosures such as cages and pens installed in open water bodies...

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