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Issue No:86
  • :0973-1121
  • :November
  • :2021

Samudra Report No.86, November 2021


Time to Shift Gear
It is high time that negotiations on subsidies at the WTO result in an agreement whose primary goal is transparency and universality in fisheries conservation and management measures
The draft Agreement on Fisheries Subsidies (WT/MIN(21)/W/5) from the Chair of the Negotiation Group on Rules of the World Trade Organization (WTO), ought to be welcomed. This text is to facilitate the final negotiations ahead of the 12th Ministerial Conference (MC12) to be held soon in Geneva (30 November to 3 December)....

Bangladesh/Climate Change

Hotter, Wetter, Saltier

The unique geography of Bangladesh makes it extremely vulnerable to climate change and warrants appropriate tools and strategies to combat and mitigate negative impacts

 This article is by Dr. Samiya A. Selim (, Associate Professor and Director, Centre for Sustainable Development (CSD), University of Liberal Arts, Bangladesh, and Shaikh Giasuddin Ahmed (, Senior Program Manager, ManusherJonno Foundation (MJF), Bangladesh

Bangladesh has been one of the countries most affected by climate change in the last 15 years. It is the seventh most vulnerable country on the Climate Risk Index 2020, according to a recent Germanwatch report.

Bangladesh is geographically unique and is home to one of the world’s largest deltas formed by the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna (GBM) river system. The GBM basin and the coast of the Bay of Bengal is characterized as a semi-enclosed tropical basin. Most of Bangladesh is less than 10 m above sea level. This makes the country extremely vulnerable to climate change, especially around the coastal areas, which are susceptible to cyclones, floods and other extreme weather events. This vulnerability is not only due to bio-physical and geographical factors,...

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