SAMUDRA Report

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Issue No:79
  • :0973–1121
  • :August
  • :2018

Samudra Report No.79, August 2018

Brazil / Indigenous Rights

Shoved Out

The Guaranis, indigenous people of Morro dos Cavalos in Brazil, are being displaced from their lands to satisfy the interests of politicians and businesses


This article is by Ana Paula Rainho (anap.rainho@gmail.com), Member, ICSF, and a doctoral student at the Federal University of Santa Catarina, Brazil


The current Brazilian political situation is very worrying as far as the indigenous problem is concerned. It is even more worrying if we consider Brazil's ethnic diversity, with 305 ethnic groups that include 896,000 people declared as indigenous, according to the 2010 demographic census carried out by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE). Besides the prejudice, injustice and the insufficiency of public policies, indigenous people must struggle every day to secure their lands. These struggles have become increasingly difficult because of the current government's political maneuvering. On 19 July 2017, a legal opinion issued by Attorney General Grace Mendonça (opinion 001/2017/AGU) was endorsed by President Michel Temer, which aims at reassessing indigenous land demarcations and restricting their land rights.

According to opinion 001/2017/AGU, the demarcated lands can only be considered indigenous lands if...

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