Roundup News, events, briefings and more…
COVID closures, embassy intervention strands hundreds of Lao fishermen in Malaysia
Hundreds of Lao migrant fishermen are stranded in Malaysia after the Lao Embassy in Kuala Lumpur took control of their return travel plans to arrange pricier flights, which had already been complicated by coronavirus restrictions, the fishermen told RFA.
Drawn by the prospect of well-paid work at sea, around 700 Lao migrants traveled overland through Thailand to Pahang state on the east coast of the Malay Peninsula, entering Malaysia on tourist visas, one of the men said.
“The company or the owner of the fishing boats made all the paperwork for us, including work permits and contracts, so we are all legal workers in Malaysia,” the fisherman told RFA’s Lao Service Monday on condition of anonymity. But the coronavirus threw a wrench in their plans to return home when the fishing season ended in November. After an inexpensive bus trip back to Laos through Thailand became impossible when borders between Malaysia and Thailand closed, about 530 of the fishermen negotiated passage to Laos from Pahang with V Travel, a Malaysian tour company.
With expenses piling up and no money coming in, hundreds of the fishermen illegally entered Thailand in hopes of taking the overland route. On Tuesday, a group of about 20 of them were arrested in Thailand’s southern Songkhla province. As of Tuesday, 463 remain in Malaysia and are still waiting for the flights. The Lao Embassy in Kuala Lumpur on Sunday said that flights chartered for the end of November were postponed because the Lao Prime Minister’s Office suspended incoming flights.
“The embassy made a second request to the Lao National Taskforce Committee for Covid-10 Control and Prevention to reschedule the flights, one on December 12 and the other on December 17, 2020. Now, the request is being considered by the taskforce. So, please wait,” the statement said.
World Fisheries Day: How the EU can support sustainable African artisanal fisheries
In this declaration on the occasion of World Fisheries Day, the Coalition for Fair Fisheries Agreements (CFFA) calls on the European Union (EU) to integrate the FAO Voluntary Guidelines for Securing Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries in the Context of Food Security and Poverty Eradication (SSF Guidelines) into all its policies that have an impact on this sector, particularly in the Blue Economy and Farm to Fork strategies and in its external action.
Therefore, we recommend:
— That the EU systematically integrates the contribution to the implementation of the SSF Guidelines into its external action, both within the framework of its development co-operation policy and its CFP in its external dimension.
— More specifically, that the European Commission, as it has done through its new regulation on the sustainable management of external fishing fleets (SMEFF), integrate the implementation of the SSF Guidelines into its basic CFP regulation as well as into all other policies that have an impact on artisanal fisheries, such as the Blue Economy Strategy, or the “Farm to Fork” Strategy (F2F).
— That the consideration, and implementation, of the SSF Guidelines be integrated as a specific objective of the Sustainable Fisheries Partnership Agreements (SFPAs), particularly as the guidelines are rooted in a human-rights approach.
— And finally, that the EU encourages and supports the draft convention for an RFMO dedicated to the management of shared stocks in West Africa, being itself involved in the exploitation of these species.
The perspective of the year 2022 dedicated to artisanal fisheries is an opportunity to encourage the implementation of the SSF Guidelines to ensure that this sector fully integrates the strategic priorities for the development of fisheries in developing countries and that it is fairly integrated into the legal frameworks.
The National Commission for the Strengthening of Extractive Reserves, Communities and Traditional and Coastal and Marine Extractive Communities
The National Commission for the Strengthening of Extractive Reserves, Communities and Traditional and Coastal and Marine Extractive Communities is an aggregator network involving 72 grassroots organizations. These include 32 Extractive Reserves (of which 28 are federal, one is at the state level and three at the municipal level), four Environmental Protection Areas (APAs) and 6 ‘other’ maretorios—the fishing communities, activists working on coastal and marine extraction—located in the 17 states along the Brazilian coast.
Created in 2007, CONFREM Brazil’s mission is to develop, articulate and implement collective strategies aimed at the recognition and guaranteeing of the subsistence and sustainable production of resources in the coastal marine territories.
Constant conflicts and threats to the fisher’s way of life are common in these maretorios, alongside poor environmental management and political pressure for the reclassification of conservation units as ‘Extractive Reserves’. The aim is to allocate these areas for tourism, oil and gas extraction and large-scale food production, like shrimp farming. Recent events, such as oil spills and the spread of COVID-19, affected the entire production structure and its modes of organization.
CONFREM Brazil has sought to advance the agendas of fishing communities to national debates; develop and/or support capacities for intervention in social policies; strengthen the fight to guarantee sustainability; and seek to give visibility to coastal and marine extractive maretorios, highlighting their ways of life and their relationship with the sustainable use of resources.
CONFREM Brazil has links with the following organizations: Mangaba Catadores Movement in the State of Sergipe; National Coordination of Traditional Communities Caiçaras; Network of Women in Fishing Communities in the South of Bahia; Network of Women in the Amazon Mangroves; APA Costa dos Corais Women Network; Parnaiba Delta Resex Women Network; and Articulations of Young Protagonists of Artisanal Fishing. CONFREM Brazil has also created synergies of action with fishers and their organizations in Latin America and Africa.
CONFREM Brazil participated in the creation of the ‘Observatory Group on Coronavirus Impacts on Fishing Communities’, created jointly with the Fishermen and Fishermen Movement of Brazil (MPP), National Fisheries Articulation (ANP), Fisheries Pastoral Council (CPP) and National Coordination of Traditional Caicaras Fishing Communities. The initiative brought together fishermen and artisanal fishers, researchers, health professionals and activists from almost all regions of Brazil who, since March 2020, have sought to monitor and collect data on the progress of the coronavirus in fishing communities.
– by FlávioLontro (email@example.com and firstname.lastname@example.org), General Coordinator of CONFREM Brazil
Supporting Small-Scale and Artisanal Fisheries
This document summarizes achievements of FAO to support sustainable marine and inland small-scale and artisanal fisheries governance and development. It reports on progress under the FAO Umbrella Programme for the Promotion and Application of the Voluntary Guidelines for Securing Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries in the Context of Food Security and Poverty Eradication (SSF Guidelines) and related developments. It highlights the contribution of small-scale and artisanal fisheries to food system transformation in the context of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, as well as innovative efforts to improve technical capacities for data collection and analysis in small-scale fisheries. Finally, it presents preparations for the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries and Aquaculture (IYAFA) in 2022. Complementary and additional information is provided in COFI/2020/Inf.12 (Small-scale and artisanal fisheries: Progress on implementing the SSF Guidelines since the Thirty-third Session of COFI in 2018), COFI/2020/Inf.12.1 (Status update on the global study ‘Illuminating Hidden Harvests. The contribution of small-scale fisheries to sustainable development’), COFI/2020/Inf.12.2 (Draft planning roadmap for the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries and Aquaculture 2022).
Source: Supporting Small-Scale and Artisanal Fisheries, Committee on Fisheries Thirty-fourth Session, 1–5 February 2021, Rome, Italy
INFOlog: New resources at ICSF
The Human Relationship with Our Ocean Planet by Edward H. Allison, John Kurien and Yoshitaka Ota
By enhancing humanity’s relationship with the ocean, bridging ocean health and wealth, working with diverse stakeholders and harnessing the latest knowledge, the Ocean Panel aims to facilitate a better, more resilient future for people and the planet.
Cast Out: The Systematic Exclusion of the KwaZulu Natal Subsistence Fishers from the Fishing Rights Regime in South Africa, by Jackie Sunde and Kira Erwin
This report illustrates a process of systematic exclusion from the legal and policy regime for Durban fishers, who view themselves as subsistence fishers but are not legally recognized as such.
Guide for the implementation of the COVID-19 prevention and mitigation protocol in shrimp fishing and peeling work at the Barra del Colorado Association of Women Fishermen and Processors by ILO
This guide is for people who work in fishing and peeling shrimp belonging to the association of women fishermen and processors of Barra del Colorado to whom the prevention and mitigation actions of COVID-19 will be directed.
My Fear is Losing Everything: The Climate Crisis and First Nations’ Right to Food in Canada
This report documents how climate change is reducing traditional food sources, driving up the cost of imported alternatives, and contributing to a growing problem of food insecurity and related negative health impacts for First Nations in Canada.
The Environmental Impacts of COVID-19: Perspectives from Fishing Communities
This document suggests general strategies for the new normal in Mexico that would have to integrate environmental issues and challenges arising from the COVID-19 pandemic.
Ghost Fleet: Battling Slavery in Thailand’s Seafood Industry
This program follows a small group of Thai activists who risk their lives on remote Indonesian islands to find justice and freedom for enslaved fishermen.
Cracking the Code for Small-scale Fisheries
Should the Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries (CCRF) of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) be “opened up” to include a special Chapter on small-scale artisanal fisheries? This was called for by the civil society organizations at the FAO’s Global Conference on Small-scale Fisheries (4SSF) in October 2008. The call was reiterated by civil society at the 28th Session of the FAO Committee on Fisheries (COFI 28).
However, several delegations to COFI 28 opposed opening up the CCRF, which, it was argued, could prove to be a “Pandora’s Box”. If opened up for small-scale artisanal fisheries, then why not for other interests? While there was consensus on the need to support small-scale artisanal fisheries, there was no consensus on the best way to do so.
To follow up on the mandate given by COFI, the FAO organized three regional workshops in Asia, Africa and Latin America, in October 2010. This enabled a large number of both governmental and civil society participants to provide their views on how small-scale artisanal fisheries can be best supported and enabled to fulfil their potential. All the three workshops recommended developing a new instrument, complementing the CCRF, to address small-scale and artisanal fisheries issues.
ICSF feels that there is a need for both an international instrument and a global programme. With the world gripped by concerns about overfishing, excess capacity, declining biodiversity and climate change, as well as the challenges of food insecurity and poverty, it is increasingly evident that sustainable small-scale artisanal fisheries within a human-rights framework offers the most viable solution. There is recognition today that the small-scale artisanal fisheries subsector is relatively more sustainable, energy-efficient and less destructive, even as it supports millions of livelihoods across the world, and supplies diverse populations, and particularly rural and remote populations in food-insecure regions, with a rich source of nutrition.
The potential of a new instrument to strengthen the social pillar of sustainable development and to effectively complement the CCRF within the framework of a human-rights approach was well recognized by the regional workshops. The onus is now on the 29th Session of COFI, to be held from 31 January to 4 February 2011, to respond in a manner in keeping with these recommendations. If it is not possible to open up the Code, COFI should agree to develop an instrument, along the lines of FAO’s Right to Food Guidelines. This would go a long way in meeting the aspirations expressed in the 2008 civil society Bangkok Statement. We hope that COFI obliges and decides upon the most appropriate instrument for further recognizing small-scale artisanal fisheries
– from SAMUDRA Report, No.57, November, 2010
Thirty-fourth Session of the Committee on Fisheries (COFI), 1-5 February 2021, Rome, Italy
World Aquaculture and Fisheries Conference (WAC 2021), 19-20 May 2021
World Fisheries Congress, 20-24 September 2021, Adelaide, Australia
109th Session of the International Labour Conference, 7-18 June 2021
MARE Conference People & the Sea XI, 28 June to 2 July 2021
Seafood Risk Assessment
Sustainable seafood is increasing in popularity around the world, yet much of the seafood popular in Asia has not been assessed in terms of its sustainability. Over time, the Seafood Risk Assessment site aims to gradually fill that gap, by providing sustainability assessments of seafood for the Hong Kong market thereby ensuring that consumers have access to the sustainable seafood of their choice.
Voluntary Guidelines for Securing Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries in the Context of Food Security and Poverty Eradication
This website is about the Voluntary Guidelines for Securing Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries in the Context of Food Security and Poverty Eradication (SSF Guidelines). What makes the SSF Guidelines stand out is that they go beyond fisheries and highlight the rights of fishers and fishworkers. In sum, they are about people, not just about fish. The SSF Guidelines are aimed at all actors striving to secure sustainable small-scale fisheries, to end hunger and poverty, and strengthen human rights. They are a tool to guide dialogue, policy processes, and action at all levels, from local communities to global fora.