ONGOING STUDY 1
FISHWORKERS’ STATUSAN ICSF PROJECT
We have volumes of statistics on fishbut very little on fishermen. This well known fact prompted the ICSF to begin work on a comprehensive study. We reproduce below extracts from a brief report dated September 1987, signed by John Kurien, the coordinator of the project
The study on the Status of the Fishworker’ was mandated by our formation meeting in November 1986. It was to be a secondary data collection exercise and also a test of our ability as members of the Collective to undertake a collaborative project while remaining in our respective places of work.
The outline for the study and the format were prepared and posted to members in February 1967. By 31 August 1987 I had received replies from 30 countries and two provinces within two countries. The most encouraging was from Latin America.
Objectives of the project
The socio-economic, labour and employment status of fishworkers is never static. It is either improving or getting worse. If we agree with this proposition, then we must agree that there is no final’ report which we can producethere is a need for constant updating.
Details of the project work Who are the fishworkers?
Our first job is to define who are fishworkers. Are we only talking about small-scale manual sea-fishermen? Do we include in our definition the crew members on large trawlers? Will the women workers in the fish processing plants and the men involved in fulltime aquaculture operations be considered? The best answer is to go by the Rome Conference (ICFWS) definition.
Fishworkersmen, women and children engaged as small fishers, crew members, processing workers and sellers.’ By small fishers’ is meant manual sea-fishermen, inland fishermen and those involved in aquaculture.
So our analysis is primarily about the fishworkers and NOT about the total population dependent upon fish-related activities. So only the workers; those who labour, whether they are men, women or children, will be the subject of our project.
Having defined our fishworker, we must now consider the scope of our enquiry: our report should include fishworkers in the three main economic activities of the fisheries economy. They are:
1. HARVESTING (from the sea, inland waters, rivers and aquaculture);
2. HANDLING AND PROCESSING (i.e. all post. Harvest activity); 3. MARKETING (the physical act of distributing fish). In most countries we find that in each of these activities there will be more than one category of fishworker.
We must cover a whole country. However, in large countries it is often not possible to make just one report for the whole country. In such circumstances we should make a report for each homogeneous province or area of the country.
Items to be included in the Report
This is, of course, the most important part. It is very difficult to give a full and proper listing of items to be included. To overcome this, we have devised a tabular grid for guidance. Since our initial objective is to create a rough but comprehensive picture of the status of fishworkers country by country, the format will suffice for our work in 1988. Refinements can follow in 1988! The following page gives the items and codes to be used to fill in the cells on this tabular grid.
How to fill in the Tabular Format
The first thing to do is make a full and accurate listing of all the categories of fishworkers in each of the three activities mentioned above, avoiding as far as possible any overlapping. Now write out these categories in the cells numbered 1′ to 10′ at the top of the columns in the grid. For each category now fill up the cells down the column with the appropriate information (using the codes indicated)the bulk of the work! Of course, for those of you from countries with numerous fishworkers and large inter-provincial variations (e.g. the Philippines and Brazil) it may be necessary to fill in many of the formsone for each province and (if possible) one for the whole country. That’s no easy task! When filling it in, it is always a good idea to indicate the sources of your data, particularly for figures relating to population. There’s one more thing to do. Write a short note about the fishworkers in your country based on the information you have entered on the grid.
For your assistance a similar formfilled up for Kerala State, Indiacan be sent to you so that you have an idea of how your completed form should look. (However, please note that the form being used for our present study is a bit different from the enclosed example).
On adding more items
On the enclosed form, there’s only provision for 10 categories of fishworkers (columns) and there are only 21 items of information required (rows). Should you want to add more, feel free to extend it. Also, if you have writtenor come acrossany good article or case studies of fishworkers in your country/region, please send a copy of the same to the project coordinator.
Please address all your communications about this project to John Kurien at the address below. (A copy of the correspondence can also be sent to the ICSF office if you wish).
Good luck with your study. Please send your results direct to:
John Kurien CDS
Ulloor Trivandrum 695011, INDIA.
or to the Secretariat:
rue Gretry 65,
1000 Brussels, BELGIUM