Statement / fishing communities
Call to the European Commission: An Inclusive Oceans Strategy is Needed to Secure Sustainable Fishing Communities
On the occasion of the World Fisheries Day (21 November, 2020), sixteen small-scale fisheries organizations, from Europe and Africa, environmental and development NGOs, and the former Vice-chair of the European Parliament fisheries committee have signed a statement calling the European Commissioner-designate for Environment and Oceans, Virginijus Sinkevitius, to secure sustainable fisheries and prosperous fishing communities in Europe and in partner developing countries through an inclusive oceans strategy that recognizes the central role of fisheries. The statement is available at: https://www.cffacape.org/s/191115-Final-Oceans-Statement.pdf
We, the undersigned organizations and people, are deeply concerned by the recently published European Commission DG Mare proposed priorities on oceans, entitled ‘A Blue Economy Initiative to Combat Climate Change’ as it does not include the need to establish sustainable fisheries and fishing communities.
Even though fisheries are by far the largest provider of employment, income, livelihoods and food of all the ocean-based industries, they are absent from the European Commission strategy for achieving growth in the blue economy. As a result, the European Commission focuses exclusively on the development of other sectors, especially energy production, aquaculture, shipping, marine bio-technology, mining and tourism. These sectors occupy the maritime space, but they also have a direct impact on biodiversity and sustainable fisheries.
A fundamental problem in the Commission’s approach is the use of crude economic indicators: growth in the blue economy is measured almost exclusively through Gross Value Added. The European Commission is aware of the dangerous flaws that stem from this approach, and the need to develop indicators that are more inclusive of social and environmental progress. Indeed, in the case of fisheries, their role and importance can only be fully comprehended when looking not only at the economic value added, but also at the vital contributions sustainable fisheries and fishing communities make to food security, livelihoods, social cohesion, cultural heritage and identity. There are also important synergies between fisheries and other sectors, such as coastal tourism. Fisheries is also more and more part of circular economy (fish processing by- products incorporated into new products, recycling fishing gears etc.). Traditional sustainable fishing practices and the incorporation of traditional knowledge into scientific advice contribute to sustainable fisheries. In the absence of policies protecting fishing communities, the European Commission’s approach will increase competition for scarce resources in coastal areas, and sustainable fisheries and fishing communities will likely be on the losing side.
Amongst the proposed priorities of DG Mare, the Seafood and Aquaculture Initiative implies that boosting aquaculture and excluding fisheries will help decarbonize this food sector. This argument is highly questionable. First of all, fisheries policy should be at the heart of climate action: ending overfishing, together with a shift to low impact fisheries will boost ocean resilience to climate change. Secondly, promoting ocean-based industries that compete with fisheries, such as deep-sea mining and intensive aquaculture, are expected to contribute further to the climate crisis and the destruction of the coastal environment.
This non-inclusive blue growth vision that marginalizes fisheries is even more concerning when it is promoted in the European Commission dialogue with third countries. Indeed, the European Union is currently supporting the African Union to develop its African blue growth strategy. In Africa, fisheries, and small-scale fisheries in particular, are essential to the social, economic and ecological sustainability of coastal communities. African fisheries stakeholders, consulted through the Fisheries
Non-State Actors platforms initiated by the African Union, have emphasized that sustainable fisheries, and the well-being of coastal communities, must be prioritised in the Africa Blue Growth Strategy, to address environmental threats to coastal ecosystems and to promote inclusive development.
In view of the above, the European Commission must recognize, respect and defend the vital role of sustainable fisheries and coastal communities in the blue economy in Europe and in partner countries. The 2014 FAO Voluntary Guidelines for Securing Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries in the Context of Food Security and Poverty Eradication recognize the importance of such communities and would provide a framework for strong human rights-based approach to blue growth strategies.
To make this happen, we urge VirginijusSinkevitius, European Commissioner-designate for Environment and Oceans, to revise comprehensively the European Commission Blue Growth Strategy and the work priorities of his administration, in order to develop an inclusive Oceans strategy that secures sustainable fisheries and prosperous fishing communities in Europe and in partner developing countries.
Former Vice-Chair of the European Parliament Fisheries Committee
President, African Confederation of Artisanal Fishing Organizations (CAOPA) – Frederic Lemanch
Bloom – Francisco Mari
Responsible for food security, agriculture and maritime policy, Bread for the World (BFDW)
Chief Counsel, ClientEarth
Co-ordinator, Coalition for Fair Fisheries Arrangements (CFFA-CAPE)
Alain Le Sann
President, Collectif Peche et Developpement
Kurt Svenning Christensen
Chairman, Danish Living Seas
President, Federation of Artisanal Fishers of the Indian Ocean (FPAOI)
France Nature Environment
Chair, International Collective in Support of Fishworkers(ICSF)
President, Low Impact Fishers of Europe (LIFE)
Policy and Advocacy Manager, Oceana Europe
Director, Partenariat regional pour la conservation de la zone cotiere et marine (PRCM)
Chair, South African Small-Scale Fisheries Collective (SSASSFC)
Secretary General, Swedish Society for Nature Conservation (SSNC)
Founder, Weskusmandjie (South Africa)