There is an urgent need to rethink and address social development and sustainable fishing in Brazil. The situation has been exacerbated due to the pandemic and the current political situation in the country. A lack of fishing statistics from the last 12 years means there is a lack of scrutiny on policy management and accountability. In sharp contrast to this, social capital generated from fishing communities due to strong community organizations have strengthened coastal communities and artisanal fishing in Brazil.

In addition, the observation lens needs to be broadened considering the global context today. Sustainable development, and in particular the focus on blue growth and the Blue Economy, has led to significant fishing community challenges. The paper attempts to understand whether social policy implementation, keeping in mind development agendas, has led to better rights, socio-environment justice and reduced social inequality and poverty in Brazil.

Our research was primarily focused on the approach for public policy, its concerns on social development and the communities access to support systems  during the pandemic. This paper also provides information on the impact on production during the pandemic.

The oceans have been seen as a new development frontier.  According to the World Bank, they comprise an opportunity territory (World Bank 2017). Oil and gas exploration, which have reached significant relevance in Brazil with the pre-salt program, are translated as the new economy, termed blue economy, reframing the oceans as “development spaces”. Many are concerned and which to ensure that blue economy is green (Golden et al. 2017), but fewer are concerned about social justice. To date, considerations regarding food security and human rights are not the center of high-level dialogues (Cohen et al. 2019), in spite of claims that the SSF employs more people than all other ocean economic sectors combined.

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Author: ICSF and Katia Regina Aroucha Barros
Year: 2022
language: English