Around 20,000 delegates from about 190 countries convened at Montreal, Quebec, the seat of the UN CBD Secretariat, to guide global action to protect nature through 2030 amid protests from Indigenous community groups and social movements. Chaired by China and hosted by Canada, the Fifteenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (COP15) was convened from 7-19 December 2022, after being postponed multiple times on account of Covid19 pandemic.