This document examines the current consideration of commercially exploited aquatic species in Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs) from a trade perspective and the difficulties that Members face in implementing and reporting on biodiversity conservation MEA requirements. It also highlights that the scientific and technical advice provided by FAO on the status of commercially exploited aquatic species to inform the parties of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) appears to currently have limited influence on the decision-making process, with possible repercussions for the ability of Members to trade legal and sustainable production from both fisheries and aquaculture.