This document highlights the importance of utilizing the Port State Measures Agreement (PSMA) to avoid products originating from illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing entering markets at the landing point and preserving the economic value of fishery stocks and the associated value chains. It also emphasizes the importance of parallel implementation of other instruments capable of detecting and discouraging IUU-fishing products at various nodes in the supply chain towards having a system that will strengthen over time, contributing to eliminating trade of IUU-fishing-originated products.