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Issue No:83
  • :0976 1121
  • :September
  • :2020

Samudra Report No.83, September 2020


Pacific Islands / CONSERVATION

30 by 30

Renewed calls for marine conservation must not bulldoze the democratic route that has allowed small island nations to improve fisheries and incomes without damaging the marine ecology

This article is by Hugh Govan (, Technical Advisor to the Locally-Managed Marine Area (LMMA) Network

I wanted to share some concerns regarding the danger that threatens to disrupt the management of the Pacific Islands’ signature fisheries and main independent source of income. There have been renewed calls for 30 per cent marine protected areas (MPAs) that sound suspiciously over-simplistic. Community-conserved areas come at many scales and the Pacific Islands’ chances of ensuring a multinational indigenous conserved area are threatened.

The Pacific Islands are made up of 14 nations governed since their independence by indigenous inhabitants whose stewardship extends to an area of ocean that is 300 times larger than their land mass. Straddling these remote stretches of ocean, life has always depended on intimate traditional knowledge and rights systems over coastal areas. These rights systems have also formally extended to the exclusive economic zones (EEZs) of island countries since the 1982 United Nations Convention on...

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