Samudra Report

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Issue No:80
  • :0973–1121
  • :December
  • :2018

Samudra Report No.80, December 2018

Indonesia / Conservation

Hooray for Manta Rays

Lamakera, a tiny village in Indonesia, is a centre for the global trade in manta rays, which are listed as vulnerable by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)

This article is by Amiroh Husna Utami (, Alternative Livelihood Officer and Jo Marlow ( of Misool Foundation, Indonesia

The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species – a critical indicator of the health of the world’s biodiversity – has assessed 93,500 animal species since it began its work in 1964. Its research found that over 26,000 species are threatened with extinction – that is, 27 per cent of all assessed species. Sharks and ray, or Chondrichthyes – characterized by their cartilaginous skeletons – are under intense pressure. There are 1,041 known Chondrichthyes species and, of these, 181 (17.4 per cent) are classified as threatened: 25 (2.4 per cent) are assessed as Critically Endangered (CR), 43 (4.1 per cent) Endangered (EN), and 113 (10.9 per cent) Vulnerable (VU). Within this group are the manta rays (Manta birostris and Manta Alfredi), charismatic, filter-feeders found in tropical and sub-tropical waters around the world. Sadly, both species are listed as vulnerable to extinction....

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