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MPA Workshop Proceedings 2012: Fishery-dependent Livelihoods, Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity: The Case of Marine and Coastal Protected Areas in India
  • :2012
  • :66
  • :978-93-80802-08-04
Abstract

The lacunae in fishing-community engagement in the management and governance of marine and coastal protected areas (MCPAs) were discussed in the 2009 Chennai Workshop organized by the International Collective in Support of Fishworkers (ICSF). To continue the discussion, a second, two-day workshop to review existing legal and institutional mechanisms for implemention and monitoring of MCPAs, titled ‘Fishery-dependent Livelihoods, Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity: The Case of Marine and Coastal Protected Areas in India’, was held in New Delhi during 1-2 March 2012.


The objective was to understand the impact of MCPAs on fishing communities, from an environmental-justice and human-rights perspective, and make specific proposals for better conservation while securing the livelihoods of small-scale fishers. The workshop also served to underscore these issues in light of the upcoming Conference of the Parties (COP) to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), to be held at Hyderabad in October 2012.


This publication contains the prospectus of the workshop and a report of the proceedings. It will be useful for fishworkers, non-governmental organizations, policymakers, trade unions, researchers and others interested in natural resource management and coastal and fishing communities.


 

Preface

A workshop titled ’Social Dimensions of Marine Protected Area Implementation in India: Do Fishing Communities Benefit?’ was organized by the International Collective in Support of Fishworkers (ICSF) in Chennai, India, in January 2009. The workshop highlighted the need to integrate fundamental principles of participation, environmental justice and human rights into the implementation of marine and coastal protected areas (MCPAs).

The subsequent Delhi Workshop, which is reported in this publication, was also organized from a fishing-community perspective as a follow-up to the 2009 workshop. It was held against the backdrop of India’s decision to host the 11th Conference of the Parties (COP11) to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in Hyderabad, in October 2012, which has the programme of work on marine and coastal biodiversity on its agenda. Notably, the theme identified by the CBD for the International Day for Biological Diversity in 2012 is also marine and coastal biodiversity.

The Delhi Workshop, conducted during 1-2 March 2012, brought together 65 participants, who included representatives of fishworker and support organizations, activists, scientists, researchers, lawyers, environmental group members and representatives from the Ministry of Agriculture...