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Marine Protected Areas in India
  • :Ramya Rajagopalan
  • :2008
  • :69
  • :978 81 904590 9 9

This study on marine protected areas (MPAs) in India analyzes the legal and institutional framework for their establishment, and uses two case studies–the Gulf of Mannar National Park and Biosphere Reserve, and the Malvan (Marine) Wildlife Sanctuary–to document and understand the experiences and views of local communities, particularly fishing communities, with respect to the various aspects of design and implementation of protected areas. Stressing the need for fishing communities to be equal partners in all aspects of MPA design, implementation and monitoring, the study concludes with specific recommendations. The study finds that while there is now more focus, in legislation, policy and practice, on community participation and co-management of natural resources, there is yet a long way to go. Much remains to be done to secure full and effective participation of fishing communities, and to improve governance, participation, equity and benefit sharing, as outlined in Programme Element 2 of the Programme of Work on Protected Areas of the Convention on Biological Diversity.


This publication will be useful for analysts, researchers, non-governmental and fishworker organizations, and anyone interested in issues related to fisheries, biodiversity, conservation, communities and livelihoods.