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MPA Workshop Proceedings 2012: Fishery-dependent Livelihoods, Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity: The Case of Marine and Coastal Protected Areas in India
  • :2012
  • :66
  • :978-93-80802-08-04

The lacunae in fishing-community engagement in the management and governance of marine and coastal protected areas (MCPAs) were discussed in the 2009 Chennai Workshop organized by the International Collective in Support of Fishworkers (ICSF). To continue the discussion, a second, two-day workshop to review existing legal and institutional mechanisms for implemention and monitoring of MCPAs, titled ‘Fishery-dependent Livelihoods, Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity: The Case of Marine and Coastal Protected Areas in India’, was held in New Delhi during 1-2 March 2012.

The objective was to understand the impact of MCPAs on fishing communities, from an environmental-justice and human-rights perspective, and make specific proposals for better conservation while securing the livelihoods of small-scale fishers. The workshop also served to underscore these issues in light of the upcoming Conference of the Parties (COP) to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), to be held at Hyderabad in October 2012.

This publication contains the prospectus of the workshop and a report of the proceedings. It will be useful for fishworkers, non-governmental organizations, policymakers, trade unions, researchers and others interested in natural resource management and coastal and fishing communities.


Report of the National Fishworkers' Forum (NFF) Meeting


Report of the National Fishworker’s Forum (NFF) Meeting

On 29 February 2012, NFF held a preparatory meeting for the workshop. The meeting discussed the various problems faced by fishing communities living adjacent to, and fishing in, the five national parks and sanctuaries in mainland India—the Gulf of Mannar (Marine) National Park and Biosphere Reserve, the Gahirmatha (Marine) Wildlife Sanctuary, the Jamnagar (Marine) National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary, the Malvan (Marine) Wildlife Sanctuary, and the Sundarbans National Park and Biosphere Reserve. Suggestions and proposals were put forward and discussed. The meeting also helped coalesce the demands of the NFF regarding management of MCPAs. Advocate D Nagasaila presented her analysis of the WLPA and its provisions with regard to fishers’ rights in national parks and sanctuaries.

In the meeting, the following priority areas were outlined:

  • the need for legislation enshrining the rights of fishing communities;
  • the need for guidelines for operationalizing existing provisions on occupational interests of fishers (in the WLPA);
  • removal of bans on fishing certain species (like sea cucumber), while advocating for sustainable management of such resources;
  • participation of fishing communities in the...