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MPA Workshop Proceedings 2012: Fishery-dependent Livelihoods, Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity: The Case of Marine and Coastal Protected Areas in India
  • :2012
  • :66
  • :978-93-80802-08-04

The lacunae in fishing-community engagement in the management and governance of marine and coastal protected areas (MCPAs) were discussed in the 2009 Chennai Workshop organized by the International Collective in Support of Fishworkers (ICSF). To continue the discussion, a second, two-day workshop to review existing legal and institutional mechanisms for implemention and monitoring of MCPAs, titled ‘Fishery-dependent Livelihoods, Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity: The Case of Marine and Coastal Protected Areas in India’, was held in New Delhi during 1-2 March 2012.

The objective was to understand the impact of MCPAs on fishing communities, from an environmental-justice and human-rights perspective, and make specific proposals for better conservation while securing the livelihoods of small-scale fishers. The workshop also served to underscore these issues in light of the upcoming Conference of the Parties (COP) to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), to be held at Hyderabad in October 2012.

This publication contains the prospectus of the workshop and a report of the proceedings. It will be useful for fishworkers, non-governmental organizations, policymakers, trade unions, researchers and others interested in natural resource management and coastal and fishing communities.


Report of the Workshop Proceedings

Report of the Workshop Proceedings

Chair: Y S Yadava, Director, Bay of Bengal Programme - Inter Govermental Organization (BOBP-IGO)

V Vivekanandan, Member, ICSF, welcomed the participants and presented the context of the
workshop. He noted that fishing communities in India are today placed in an unusual position
of having people from outside the sector influencing fisheries management. Until recently,
he said, fishing issues were largely handled within the sector, that is, by the State fisheries
departments, and at the Centre, by the MoA. Nowadays, due to environmental concerns, various constituencies in the country, such as the MoEF and others, are having a say in fisheries
management. Ironically, fishers who should be the natural allies of conservation because their livelihood depends entirely on a natural resource, are at the receiving end of conservation
measures. On the one hand, the issues related to sustainability of fisheries are not being addressed
and, on the other, the rest of society, impatient with the slow progress in improving fisheries management, is coming in with prescriptions.
Worldwide, biodiversity concerns are high on the agenda, noted Vivekanandan. In recent times, biodiversity in marine and coastal areas is gaining focus. It...