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MPA Workshop Proceedings 2012: Fishery-dependent Livelihoods, Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity: The Case of Marine and Coastal Protected Areas in India
  • :2012
  • :66
  • :978-93-80802-08-04

The lacunae in fishing-community engagement in the management and governance of marine and coastal protected areas (MCPAs) were discussed in the 2009 Chennai Workshop organized by the International Collective in Support of Fishworkers (ICSF). To continue the discussion, a second, two-day workshop to review existing legal and institutional mechanisms for implemention and monitoring of MCPAs, titled ‘Fishery-dependent Livelihoods, Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity: The Case of Marine and Coastal Protected Areas in India’, was held in New Delhi during 1-2 March 2012.

The objective was to understand the impact of MCPAs on fishing communities, from an environmental-justice and human-rights perspective, and make specific proposals for better conservation while securing the livelihoods of small-scale fishers. The workshop also served to underscore these issues in light of the upcoming Conference of the Parties (COP) to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), to be held at Hyderabad in October 2012.

This publication contains the prospectus of the workshop and a report of the proceedings. It will be useful for fishworkers, non-governmental organizations, policymakers, trade unions, researchers and others interested in natural resource management and coastal and fishing communities.




A workshop titled “Social Dimensions of Marine Protected Area Implementation in India: Do Fishing Communities Benefit?” was organized by the Internation Collective in Support of Fishworkers (ICSF) in Chennai, India, in January 2009. The workshop was mainly meant to discuss the findings of case studies and other experiences of marine protected area (MPA) implementation in India, from a fishing-community perspective. Discussions at the workshop explored the extent to which fishing communities are part of MPA governance, and their perceptions about the costs and benefits of MPA practice. Noting that various legal and institutional issues are hampering implementation of biodiversity conservation and resource management, with consequences for the livelihoods of fishing communities in MPA areas, the workshop highlighted the need to integrate fundamental principles of participation, environmental justice and human rights into the implementation of marine and coastal protected areas. It also called for fishing communities to be considered as allies, and for community-led initiatives for management and conservation of resources to be recognized and supported.

This workshop, also from a fishing-community perspective, was organized as a follow-up to the 2009 workshop,...