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Issue No:85
  • :0976 1121
  • :May
  • :2021

Samudra Report No.85, May 2021


Brazil / Pollution

Woes Compounded

One year after an oil spill hit Brazil’s Discovery Coast, the COVID-19 pandemic has worsened the lot of indigenous fishing communities

This article is by Beatriz Mesquita (, ICSF Member and a SSF researcher in the Joaquim Nabuco Foundation, Recife-PE, Brazil and Juliana Giusti (, Fellow Research, Joaquim Nabuco Foundation, Brazil

The biggest oil spill disaster in Brazil began in late September 2019. It extended along the coast, affecting 11 states, nine along the Northeast Atlantic and two along the Southeast Atlantic. About 3,000 km of the coastline was affected. The oil slick spread over beaches, mangroves and rivers, and reached also marine protected areas (MPAs) such as the Abrolhos National Park, one of the main coral banks and cradles of marine biodiversity in the South Atlantic.

The Brazilian government was criticized for the delay in taking action to contain the arrival of oil on the coast, as also for showing low commitment towards affected communities. The federal government has the responsibility of co-ordinating the response to sea oil spill cases. The National Contingency Plan (Decree 8127/2013) is the instrument for oil pollution risk management, falling under national...

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