SAMUDRA Report

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Issue No:79
  • :0973–1121
  • :August
  • :2018

Samudra Report No.79, August 2018

Indonesia/Coastal Communities

Reclaiming Rights

Problems of access and control over food, and changes in consumption and distribution patterns are behind the poor nutritional intake in Indonesia's coastal communities


This article is by Susan Herawati Romica (guisusan98@gmail.com or kiara@kiara.or.id), General Secretary of KIARA (Koalisi Rakyat untuk Keadilan Perikanan), Indonesia


In 2016, five infants in Aru Island, Maluku, Indonesia, suffered from malnutrition. The five had to be intensively treated in the Regional Hospital of Cendrawasih Dobo, the capital city of Aru Island Regency. The patients were from poor families who suffer from poor nutritional intake.

One of the causes of malnutrition in Indonesia is limited access to food in several regions. Problems related to access and control over food, and changes in consumption and distribution patterns are behind the poor nutritional intake.

Meanwhile, the dependency on a certain commodity such as rice also places further limitation on access to local food. Nutritious food not only comes from the paddy fields, of ladangs or forests, but also from the sea and coastal areas.

The article 1 paragraph 1 of Law no. 18/2012 on Food defines food as anything that originates from biological sources as products of...

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