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Mitigating overfishing in southwest Madagascar through low-cost artificial reefs by Margot Chapon January 09,2019   |  Source: Earth Island Journal

Madagascar’s vast 5,000 km coastline, 450 km barrier reef, and 250 islands provide an expanse of productive habitats for marine life. The Bay of Ranobe in southwest Madagascar is a shallow lagoon protected by a 32 km barrier reef that contains coral reefs, mangrove forest, and seagrass beds. These biodiverse and productive waters support more than 20,000 artisanal fishers who use these sheltered waters to fish. As a traditional fishing community, the Vezo (imperative of the verb “mive” in Malagasy which means “to row”) are culturally linked to the ocean. These coastal communities are specialist marine foragers and depend on the marine environment for survival.

For decades, the Vezo thrived in their remote coastal habitat; fishing with wooden pirogues and using home-made fishing gears. Today, however, the growing demand for food security from an ever-expanding population is stripping these once productive waters and putting into jeopardy the future of these coastal communities. Consecutive years of severe drought have resulted in poor agricultural yields and a subsequent significant influx of people from inland communities to the bay looking for new means of livelihood. The majority of these new arrivals have little to no fishing knowledge and use destructive fishing

Theme(s): Fishing Craft, Gear and Fishing Methods.

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