back
OUR WORK

Disasters and Climate Change

Living on the edge of land, coastal fishing communities have to often deal with major natural disasters. When at sea, fishers risk dangers of unpredictable weather. The vulnerability of small-scale fishers results not merely from such risks but also their marginal social and political state.

Natural disasters do not discriminate. They hit all who come in range. How people cope with their assault and how they recover from their destruction, though, is a completely different story. Social standing, financial viability, political and environmental conditions—they all determine the vulnerability and ability to recover.

Already under the threat of pollution, biodiversity loss and increasing competition for resources, climate change has further endangered them in both marine and inland fisheries. Natural disasters are becoming more frequent. They occur with increasing intensity and destructive force. This is exactly what climate scientists have been projecting.

Ockhi, a tropical deep depression in the Indian Ocean off southern India, intensified into a cyclonic storm on November 29, 2017. It savaged fishers out at sea over four days, killing more than 350, injuring many, destroying vessels and fishing gear.

The tsunami on December 26, 2004, followed the most powerful earthquake in 40 years underwater near Indonesia. It sent a 40-foot-high wall of water barrelling at high speed, crashing into the coasts rimming the Indian Ocean. Killing more than 250,000 in six countries. Fishers were the worst hit.

Climate change has reduced the viability of fishing operations across the board, especially hitting women, who have to pick after everybody else. Rising sea levels, the changing physical and chemical state of the marine waters, the resulting effects on marine species, increasing competition over scarce resources…

All efforts to mitigate climate change must be based on studying their social impacts. Managing these risks and adapting to them requires financial and technological transformation. Monitoring of the effects of climate change is as important as compensation from human-made disasters like pollution, oil spills with compensation. Human rights is the cornerstone of dealing with this challenge, demanding a focus on the most vulnerable.

Current Programmes

ICSF is undertaking a range of initiatives to highlight the social and political dimensions of disasters and climate change, particularly of Covid-19. It also draws attention to the impact of climate change on fisheries resources and on fishing communities and advocate for appropriate and socially-just adaptation and mitigation measures. In December 2020, Covid-19 had spread to over 200 countries and resulted in the deaths of over 1.3 million people. As the coronavirus remerged in second and third waves in many parts of the world, ICSF undertook case studies in four countries – Cambodia, Indonesia, Sri Lanka and Mozambique – to document the impacts of the pandemic on the lives and livelihoods of vulnerable small-scale fishing communities, particularly in the marine and inland capture fisheries value chain. While lockdowns and the restrictions on movement of people and goods disrupted fish production and supply chains, the economic slowdown and reduced incomes led to a decline in demand for aquatic foods. Small-scale fisheries contribute significantly to domestic food security and livelihoods, and this is especially true in the selected countries. In this context, the studies examined whether pandemic control measures reduced access to fish and aquatic foods for low-income and vulnerable populations. Covid-19 also impacted small-scale fishers and fish vendors’ access to domestic and international markets. In the countries that were able to provide social protection measures, the case studies analyze their effectiveness and inclusivity of fisher and fishworker families. Today, the Covid-19 case count is over 164 million and nearly 3.5 million people have lost their lives. While the four countries had witnessed relatively low rates of infection at the time of the studies, some are now experiencing a sharp rise in infections and fatalities. Thus, small-scale fisheries need support to adapt and recover from Covid-19, to protect lives and livelihoods and to enhance their contributions to food security.

Resources

No posts matching the query were found.

The fishermen and the sea: The odyssey of Senegalese fishermen from Lorient to Joal-Fadiouth

Fishermen throughout time have crossed the sea in search of more bountiful waters. Yet a harsh reality lies behind these men’s decisions to take on such difficult jobs at French…

A training dialogue report: Introduction to Climate Services for Aquaculture

This training dialogue report was to address the specific needs for climate services in the aquaculture sector for fish farmers in Bangladesh. Participants identified different climate-sensitive management decisions they make…

Assessing Progress Towards Aichi Biodiversity Target 6 on Sustainable Marine Fisheries Technical Series No. 87. Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, Montreal, 103 pages

This report provides an expert analysis of the needs and challenges associated with the reporting and assessment of the different elements of Target 6. This analysis also provides a valuable…

Adaptation of the Ocean, Coastal Areas and Ecosystems. A background paper for the Nairobi work Programme 13th Focal Point Forum to be held at COP25, Madrid, Spain.

pdf-image

This scoping paper contains a partnership dialogue on the adaptation knowledge gaps in relation to the ocean, coastal areas and ecosystems, including mega deltas, coral reefs and mangroves as well…

Community Fisheries Organizations of Cambodia: Sharing processes, results and lessons learned in the context of the implementation of the SSF Guidelines

pdf-image

he institution of community fisheries (CFi) organizations in Cambodia provides an interesting case for the empowerment of small-scale fisheries. The document pulls together findings from two activities carried out in…

Draft report on damage assessment and livelihood rehabilitation strategy for tsunami affected coastal fishers in Tamil Nadu, India -Undertaken for the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)

Section I of the report provides background information on the fisheries sector and fishing communities in Tamil Nadu. Section II provides available information on the damage caused by the tsunami…